Fibromyalgia Diet – Foods to Include and Foods to Exclude for Managing Symptoms

Fibromyalgia: What to Eat, What to Avoid

Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread pain, fatigue, and tenderness in the muscles, joints, and other soft tissues. While the exact cause of fibromyalgia is unknown, research suggests that diet and lifestyle changes can play a significant role in managing its symptoms. In this article, we will discuss what to eat and what to avoid if you have fibromyalgia.

What to Eat: A healthy and balanced diet is crucial for individuals with fibromyalgia. It is recommended to include foods that are rich in nutrients, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. These foods provide essential vitamins and minerals that can help alleviate pain and boost energy levels.

Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fatty fish like salmon and mackerel, are particularly beneficial for individuals with fibromyalgia. These fatty acids have anti-inflammatory properties that can reduce pain and inflammation in the body. Including foods like walnuts, flaxseeds, and chia seeds in your diet can also provide the same benefits.

What to Avoid: Certain foods can aggravate the symptoms of fibromyalgia and should be avoided. These include processed foods, sugary snacks, caffeine, alcohol, and foods high in saturated fats. These foods can lead to inflammation and increase fatigue, pain, and mood swings in individuals with fibromyalgia.

In addition, individuals with fibromyalgia should limit their intake of artificial sweeteners, as they can trigger headaches and worsen symptoms. It is also important to stay hydrated and drink plenty of water throughout the day to support overall health and well-being.

In conclusion, making mindful choices about what you eat can have a significant impact on managing the symptoms of fibromyalgia. By including nutrient-rich foods and avoiding triggers, individuals with fibromyalgia can experience improved pain relief, increased energy levels, and an enhanced quality of life.

10 Tips for Choosing Foods for Fibromyalgia

When it comes to managing fibromyalgia, a healthy diet can play a crucial role in reducing symptoms and improving overall well-being. Here are 10 tips for choosing foods that can help alleviate fibromyalgia-related symptoms:

1. Eat a balanced diet: Focus on consuming a variety of nutrient-dense foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. This will ensure you get all the essential vitamins and minerals your body needs to function optimally.

2. Include anti-inflammatory foods: Incorporate foods that are known for their anti-inflammatory properties, such as berries, fatty fish (like salmon or mackerel), leafy greens (like spinach or kale), and nuts and seeds (like walnuts or flaxseeds).

3. Limit processed foods: Minimize your intake of processed and packaged foods that are often high in sodium, unhealthy fats, and added sugars. These can trigger inflammation and worsen pain and fatigue.

4. Watch your sugar intake: Be mindful of your sugar consumption and try to reduce your intake of sugary foods and drinks. Opt for naturally sweetened alternatives like fruits or small amounts of honey or maple syrup.

5. Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water throughout the day to keep your body hydrated and support overall health. Dehydration can exacerbate fatigue and amplify pain.

6. Experiment with an elimination diet: Consider trying an elimination diet to identify any potential food sensitivities or triggers that may worsen your fibromyalgia symptoms. Eliminate certain foods for a few weeks and gradually reintroduce them to observe any reactions.

7. Consume enough protein: Protein plays a crucial role in muscle repair and maintenance. Incorporate lean sources of protein into your meals, such as chicken, fish, tofu, or legumes.

8. Avoid caffeine and alcohol: Both caffeine and alcohol can disrupt sleep patterns and exacerbate fibromyalgia symptoms. Opt for decaffeinated beverages and limit alcohol intake to improve sleep quality and overall well-being.

9. Pay attention to portion sizes: Practice mindful eating and be aware of portion sizes to avoid overeating, which can lead to weight gain and worsen symptoms. Listen to your body’s hunger and fullness cues.

10. Monitor your symptoms: Keep a food diary to track how different foods and drinks affect your symptoms. Pay attention to patterns and make adjustments as needed, consulting with a healthcare professional if necessary.

1. Avoid Foods That Contain Added Glutamate

1. Avoid Foods That Contain Added Glutamate

Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition that can be managed through dietary changes. One particular ingredient that people with fibromyalgia should avoid is added glutamate. Glutamate is a type of amino acid that acts as a neurotransmitter in the brain.

When consumed in excess, added glutamate can overexcite the nerves and worsen fibromyalgia symptoms, such as pain and fatigue. Therefore, it is important to avoid foods that contain added glutamate. These include:

Foods Ingredients to Avoid
Processed meats Monosodium glutamate (MSG), hydrolyzed protein
Soy sauce Monosodium glutamate (MSG), soy protein concentrate
Certain snacks and chips Monosodium glutamate (MSG), autolyzed yeast extract
Soups and broths Monosodium glutamate (MSG), hydrolyzed vegetable protein
Prepackaged sauces and dressings Monosodium glutamate (MSG), yeast extract

It’s important to read food labels carefully to check for ingredients that contain glutamate. Additionally, opting for fresh, whole foods and preparing meals at home can help reduce the risk of consuming added glutamate.

By avoiding foods that contain added glutamate, individuals with fibromyalgia can help manage their symptoms and improve their overall well-being. Remember to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian for personalized dietary recommendations.

2. Choose Whole Foods Instead of Processed Ones

When it comes to managing fibromyalgia, choosing the right foods can make a big difference. One important factor to consider is the type of foods you consume. Instead of reaching for processed foods, opt for whole foods that are as close to their natural state as possible.

Whole foods include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. These foods are rich in nutrients and antioxidants that can help reduce inflammation, improve energy levels, and support overall health. They are also less likely to contain added sugars, preservatives, and artificial additives that may trigger fibromyalgia symptoms.

The Benefits of Whole Foods for Fibromyalgia

Choosing whole foods over processed ones can provide several benefits for individuals with fibromyalgia. Here are some reasons why:

1. Reduced Inflammation

Whole foods are known for their anti-inflammatory properties. They contain natural compounds such as antioxidants, omega-3 fatty acids, and phytochemicals that can help reduce inflammation in the body. By reducing inflammation, whole foods may help alleviate fibromyalgia symptoms like pain and fatigue.

2. Improved Energy Levels

Processed foods, especially those high in added sugars and unhealthy fats, can lead to energy crashes and feelings of lethargy. On the other hand, whole foods provide a steady source of energy due to their complex carbohydrates, fiber, and essential nutrients. By choosing whole foods, individuals with fibromyalgia may experience improved energy levels throughout the day.

3. Balanced Nutrition

Whole foods are more nutrient-dense compared to processed ones. They contain a wide range of essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that are important for overall health and immune function. Opting for whole foods ensures that individuals with fibromyalgia get the necessary nutrients to support their body’s functioning and help manage their symptoms.

In conclusion, making the switch to whole foods is a beneficial dietary choice for individuals with fibromyalgia. By choosing whole foods over processed ones, individuals can reduce inflammation, improve energy levels, and ensure they are getting a balanced nutrition to support their overall health and well-being.

3. Try the DASH or Mediterranean Eating Plan

Following a healthy and balanced eating plan is essential for managing fibromyalgia symptoms. Two eating plans that have been shown to be beneficial for overall health and may also provide relief for fibromyalgia are the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) and Mediterranean eating plans.

What is the DASH eating plan?

The DASH eating plan focuses on whole foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and low-fat dairy products. It also recommends limiting saturated fats, sodium, and added sugars. This eating plan is known to help lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart disease.

For individuals with fibromyalgia, following the DASH eating plan can provide numerous benefits. The emphasis on whole foods can help reduce inflammation and provide necessary nutrients for overall health. Additionally, the DASH eating plan encourages consuming low-fat dairy products, which are rich in calcium and vitamin D, essential for bone health.

What is the Mediterranean eating plan?

The Mediterranean eating plan is based on the traditional dietary patterns of countries in the Mediterranean region, such as Greece and Italy. It includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, olive oil, fish, and lean proteins. This eating plan also promotes moderate consumption of red wine and limits processed foods, added sugars, and saturated fats.

The Mediterranean eating plan has been associated with numerous health benefits, including reduced inflammation, improved heart health, and better cognitive function. For individuals with fibromyalgia, following the Mediterranean eating plan can provide anti-inflammatory properties and supply the body with essential nutrients needed for overall well-being.

It is important to note that every individual is unique, and what works for one person may not work for another. It is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian before making any significant changes to your eating plan.

Summary: The DASH and Mediterranean eating plans offer a variety of health benefits and may provide relief for fibromyalgia symptoms. These eating plans focus on whole foods, limit processed foods and added sugars, and promote a balanced approach to nutrition. Consultation with a healthcare professional is recommended before making any dietary changes.

4. Avoid Cured Meats

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes widespread pain and tenderness throughout the body. While the exact cause is still unknown, diet can play a role in managing symptoms and improving overall well-being. One food group that should be avoided by individuals with fibromyalgia is cured meats.

What are Cured Meats?

Cured meats are meats that have been preserved and flavored using various methods such as curing, smoking, or salting. These meats include popular options such as bacon, ham, sausage, and deli meats like salami and pepperoni.

Why Should Cured Meats be Avoided?

Cured meats contain high levels of nitrates and nitrites, which are commonly used as preservatives and flavor enhancers. These compounds have been linked to inflammation and can potentially worsen symptoms of fibromyalgia.

Issues with Cured Meats Why They Are a Concern for Fibromyalgia
High in Sodium Excess sodium consumption can lead to water retention, bloating, and increased blood pressure, which can exacerbate fibromyalgia symptoms such as fatigue and muscle pain.
Potential Allergens Cured meats often contain additives, such as gluten and dairy, that can trigger inflammation and worsen gastrointestinal symptoms in some individuals with fibromyalgia.
Increased Inflammation Nitrates and nitrites have been associated with increased inflammation in the body, which can further contribute to pain and discomfort for individuals with fibromyalgia.

Instead of consuming cured meats, individuals with fibromyalgia can opt for healthier protein sources, such as lean meats, fish, poultry, legumes, and tofu. These alternatives provide essential nutrients without the potential negative impact of cured meats.

Overall, avoiding cured meats can be beneficial for individuals with fibromyalgia as part of a comprehensive approach to managing the condition through diet and lifestyle choices.

5. Eat Cold-Water Fish and Fortified Foods for Vitamin D

One important nutrient for fibromyalgia patients is vitamin D. Vitamin D plays a crucial role in bone health, immune function, and overall well-being. It also helps reduce inflammation in the body, which can be beneficial for fibromyalgia sufferers who often experience chronic pain and inflammation.

To ensure that you are getting enough vitamin D in your diet, it is important to include foods that are rich sources of this nutrient. Cold-water fish, such as salmon, sardines, and mackerel, are excellent sources of vitamin D. These fish are also high in omega-3 fatty acids, which have been shown to reduce inflammation and improve symptoms of fibromyalgia.

In addition to cold-water fish, you can also find vitamin D in fortified foods. Many dairy products, such as milk and yogurt, are fortified with vitamin D. Other fortified foods include breakfast cereals, orange juice, and soy milk. These fortified foods can be a convenient way to ensure that you are meeting your daily vitamin D requirements.

It is important to note that getting vitamin D from sunlight is also beneficial. Spending a few minutes in the sun each day can help your body produce vitamin D naturally. However, it is important to protect your skin from excessive sun exposure and to talk to your healthcare provider about the appropriate amount of sun exposure for you.

Overall, including cold-water fish and fortified foods in your diet can help ensure that you are getting enough vitamin D, which is essential for bone health, immune function, and reducing inflammation. Consult with a healthcare professional or nutritionist to determine the best sources and amounts of vitamin D for your specific needs.

6. Choose Dark, Leafy Greens, Nuts, and Seeds for Magnesium

Magnesium is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in maintaining optimal health, especially for individuals with fibromyalgia. This important mineral helps relax muscles, regulate nerve function, and support energy production.

Why is magnesium important for individuals with fibromyalgia?

Research has shown that individuals with fibromyalgia often have lower levels of magnesium in their bodies compared to healthy individuals. This deficiency can contribute to increased pain sensitivity, muscle weakness, and fatigue.

Incorporating magnesium-rich foods into your diet can help alleviate some of the symptoms associated with fibromyalgia. Dark, leafy greens such as spinach, kale, and Swiss chard are excellent sources of magnesium. These greens can be easily incorporated into salads, smoothies, or cooked dishes.

Nuts and seeds are also great sources of magnesium. Almonds, cashews, pumpkin seeds, and flaxseeds are all high in this essential mineral. Snack on a handful of almonds or pumpkin seeds to boost your magnesium intake throughout the day.

Tips for incorporating magnesium-rich foods into your diet

While it’s important to choose magnesium-rich foods, it’s also crucial to remember that the absorption of magnesium can be influenced by other factors. Here are a few tips to help maximize the absorption of magnesium:

  • Pair magnesium-rich foods with a source of vitamin D, such as fatty fish or fortified dairy products. Vitamin D helps enhance the absorption of magnesium.
  • Limit the consumption of caffeine and alcohol, as they can interfere with magnesium absorption.
  • Consider taking a magnesium supplement under the guidance of your healthcare provider if you struggle to meet your daily magnesium needs through diet alone.

By choosing dark, leafy greens, nuts, and seeds as part of your regular diet, you can increase your magnesium intake and potentially improve your fibromyalgia symptoms. Remember to consult with a healthcare professional before making any significant changes to your diet or starting any new supplements.

7. Add in Fish, Flaxseed, and Chia for Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Omega-3 fatty acids are essential nutrients that have numerous benefits for fibromyalgia patients. They have been shown to reduce inflammation, improve brain function, and support heart health. Including foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as fish, flaxseed, and chia seeds, in your diet can help alleviate some of the symptoms associated with fibromyalgia.

Fish, such as salmon, trout, and sardines, are excellent sources of omega-3 fatty acids. Aim to include fatty fish in your meals at least twice a week. If you don’t consume fish, you can also consider taking fish oil supplements, which are widely available.

Flaxseed is another great source of omega-3 fatty acids. It can be easily incorporated into your diet by adding ground flaxseed to smoothies, yogurt, or oatmeal. Flaxseed oil is also available as a supplement.

Chia seeds are small black seeds that are packed with omega-3 fatty acids. They can be added to smoothies, salads, or used as a topping for yogurt or cereal. Chia seeds are also a good source of fiber, which can help alleviate digestive issues commonly experienced by fibromyalgia patients.

When adding fish, flaxseed, and chia seeds to your diet, it’s important to note that these foods should not be cooked at high temperatures, as this can destroy the delicate omega-3 fatty acids. Instead, they can be enjoyed raw or lightly cooked to obtain the maximum benefits.

Adding fish, flaxseed, and chia seeds to your diet can be a simple yet effective way to incorporate omega-3 fatty acids into your fibromyalgia management plan. Consult with your healthcare provider or a registered dietitian to determine the best approach for your specific dietary needs.

8. Include Good Sources of Antioxidants in Your Meals

Antioxidants are compounds that help protect our cells from damage caused by free radicals. Including foods rich in antioxidants in your meals can help reduce inflammation and oxidative stress in the body, which can be beneficial for those with fibromyalgia. Here are some good sources of antioxidants that you can incorporate into your diet:


  • Blueberries
  • Strawberries
  • Raspberries
  • Blackberries
  • Oranges
  • Grapes


  • Spinach
  • Kale
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Carrots
  • Tomatoes

Nuts and Seeds:

Nuts and Seeds:

  • Almonds
  • Walnuts
  • Flaxseeds
  • Chia seeds
  • Sunflower seeds

Adding these antioxidant-rich foods to your meals can not only provide important nutrients but also help support your overall health and well-being. Remember to prioritize whole, unprocessed foods and try to include a variety of fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds in your meals to ensure you are getting a wide range of antioxidants.

9. Read the Labels on Packaged Foods

When managing fibromyalgia symptoms, it is crucial to pay attention to the ingredients in packaged foods. Many processed foods contain additives, preservatives, and artificial ingredients that can worsen fibromyalgia symptoms and overall health.

Make it a habit to read the labels on packaged foods before purchasing them. Look for foods that have minimal ingredients and avoid those that contain artificial sweeteners, monosodium glutamate (MSG), high-fructose corn syrup, and hydrogenated oils.

Instead, opt for foods that are natural and unprocessed. Choose whole foods such as fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains. These foods tend to be nutrient-dense and can help support overall health and manage fibromyalgia symptoms.

Additionally, keep an eye out for hidden sources of gluten and dairy. Some processed foods may contain gluten or dairy ingredients, which can be problematic for individuals with fibromyalgia. If you are sensitive to gluten or dairy, it is important to check the labels carefully and choose products that are labeled as gluten-free or dairy-free.

By reading the labels on packaged foods, you can make more informed choices about what you are putting into your body. This can be a helpful strategy for managing fibromyalgia symptoms and promoting overall well-being.

10. Avoid Artificial Sweeteners and Limit Sugars

When managing fibromyalgia symptoms, it is important to avoid artificial sweeteners and limit your intake of sugars. Artificial sweeteners, such as aspartame and sucralose, can cause gastrointestinal issues and trigger inflammation, which can worsen fibromyalgia symptoms. Additionally, consuming too much sugar can lead to energy crashes and increased inflammation.

Instead of artificial sweeteners, opt for natural sweeteners like stevia or honey in moderation. These alternatives can still add sweetness to your food or beverages without the negative effects of artificial sweeteners.

When it comes to sugar, it is best to limit your intake and choose healthier alternatives. Try to minimize your consumption of processed foods and beverages that are high in added sugars. Instead, focus on whole foods and incorporate naturally sweet options like fruits into your diet.

By avoiding artificial sweeteners and limiting your sugar intake, you can help manage your fibromyalgia symptoms and improve your overall health and well-being.

Essential Diet & Nutrition Insights